ESHE, the European Society for the study of Human Evolution, promotes the broad field of research which investigates how humans evolved both biologically and culturally. Contributing disciplines typically include hominin palaeontology and palaeogenetics; comparative and functional studies of extant primates, using both morphological and molecular evidence; palaeolithic archaeology; and applied studies of stable isotopes, dating, taphonomy, palaeoecology and palaeogeography.

Ordinary membership is open to academic professionals and students of all nationalities from the fields of research outlined in the preamble. Membership acceptance requires a simple majority vote by the board, and applications for ordinary membership should be supported in writing by two academic professionals. Rejection of a membership application requires no explanatory statement.

Members of the society enjoy reduced registration fees for our yearly meetings and are given the chance to vote on important decisions for the society's future.